Function – Iron contributes to:
Normal formation of red blood cells and haemoglobin and to normal oxygen transport in the body. It is well established that inadequate dietary iron intake in humans leads to hypochromic and microcytic anaemia.
Normal cognitive function - It is well established that inadequate dietary iron intake in humans leads to reduced oxygen transport, which could have an impact on cognitive function. The cognitive deficiency symptoms observed with iron-deficient anaemia include deficits in attention, perceptual motor speed, memory and verbal fluency. Cognitive function includes different functions such as memory, attention (concentration), learning, intelligence and problem solving.